Dr Roshi Satija | IVF Expert Delhi | Blogs

What causes miscarriage, Can miscarriage be prevented

Miscarriage occurs due to various causes-

  1. Due to abnormal growth of the embryo
  2. Due to abnormality in the structure of the uterus i.e. septum or adhesions are present
  3. Due to antibodies present in the blood or blood thickening.

1.Due to abnormal growth of the embryo

Approximately 80% of miscarriage occurs due to defective embryo. In the lady the egg and sperm
meet to form the embryo.23 chromosomes are from the mother side and 23 chromosomes are from
the father’s side a 46-chromosome embryo is formed. When these chromosomes mix up then few
strands can break up even if the parent’s chromosomes are normal then also due to disturbance in
the process of meiosis there can be abnormality of the embryo which can be genetic or
chromosomal abnormality. This means that all embryos which form are not normal. Some embryos
can have genetic or chromosomal abnormality which are not compatible with life and the lady has
miscarriage. If 100 lady’s get pregnant then 15-20% will have abortion due to defective embryo. If
the miscarriage is due to defective embryo then even if we apply all preventive strategies that is give
progesterone injections or tablets or even bed rest ,we cannot prevent such abortions.

For more information contact-Dr Roshi Satija 9958722133 www.drroshisatija.com

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2.Miscarriage due to abnormality in the structure of the uterus i.e.
septum or adhesions are present

The abnormality in the structure of the uterus that is if there is a septum in the uterus, it will allow
the embryo to grow till 6 to 8 weeks and then the woman might have miscarriage. The treatment for
this is removal of the septum with the help of hysteroscopy. This helps 80% to 90% of ladies to
conceive and continue pregnancy.

There is condition where the mouth of the uterus loosens up it is called cervical insufficiency. We
suture the mouth of the uterus which helps the pregnancy to continue.

The uterus can have fibroid or there can be adhesions present in the uterus. With help of
laparoscopy or hysteroscopy this problem can be resolved and we can help the lady prevent
miscarriage further.

For more information contact-Dr Roshi Satija 9958722133 www.drroshisatija.com

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3.Due to antibodies present in the blood or blood thickening.

In some conditions there is presence of antibodies in the blood which is called antiphospholipid
antibodies. There are of 3 to 4 types. Normally the blood vessel has a phospholipid coating which
helps in the normal flow of blood if there are antibodies which are developed then the blood flow is
affected there are presence of clots. This formation of clots stops the growth of the embryo and the
woman may have miscarriage. The growth of the embryo can also slow down. The woman can also
have increase in the blood pressure.

If the woman is antiphospholipid antibody positive then she can be given blood thinners or ecosprin
tablets to prevent miscarriage.

For more information contact-Dr Roshi Satija 9958722133 www.drroshisatija.com

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There are certain lifestyle factors which can cause miscarriage like

Smoking which is active or passive

Consumption of alcohol

Obesity or excessive weight gain

As the age of the woman increases her chances of miscarriage increases. If the lady is more than 37
years of age her chances of abortion is 30-40%.

So, if you are planning to conceive then protect yourself from active or passive smoking. One should
not consume alcohol as it increases the chances of miscarriage. The lady should also try to maintain
her weight. As we are aware that as the age of the lady increases the chances of miscarriage
increases so one should plan her pregnancy before 35 years of age.

So now we are aware that there is condition where we can prevent miscarriage that is if they are
due to uterine abnormalities or due to antibodies present in the blood. But if the miscarriage is due
to the abnormal development of embryos then medical science as of now does not have any
treatment.

If you have any queries pertaining to miscarriage then you can contact -Dr Roshi Satija 9958722133

www.drroshisatija.com

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