Third-party reproduction is the route that can fulfill the dreams of parenthood in many infertile couples.

The sperm, eggs, or embryo of some other couples are used to enable a woman to get pregnant in this method. Even though this treatment is very different from other traditional ones, it does not, in any way, reduces the impact of becoming a parent.

Types of 3rd party reproduction

  • Oocyte donation (egg donation)
  • Sperm donation
  • Embryo donation
  • Surrogacy- includes both traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy

Oocyte donation- help a childless woman to feel the joy of motherhood.

In this method, a woman donates her eggs to some other woman to help her get pregnant. The donated egg is fertilized in the laboratory.

Egg freezing is the latest technology that allows the storage of unfertilized eggs for future use or donation to some other woman.

Who needs an Oocyte donor?

The women with the following problems need to go through this process.

  • Women who have faced premature ovarian failure. It could be genetic, surgical, CT, or RT
  • Women postmenopausal where menopause must be less than 5 years ago
  • Women aged more than 40-42 years
  • Women with low-quality eggs
  • Repeated IVF failures
  • Genetic disorders can also be the reason.

Why do you need to find an egg donor?

Some women’s eggs are not of that good quality that can be used for the IVF treatment, and therefore, they need to find a donor.

The donor is also a woman who wants to help other women feel the warmth of motherhood. The donor egg helps a woman conceive with the IVF treatment.

Steps involved in egg donation

Female egg donation is most prevalent in India, and it is growing day by day. It is done at the best IVF clinics in India with complete safety and security. The steps involved in the procedure:

  • Proper medical checkup
  • Counselling for an egg donor
  • Consent will be taken
  • Stimulation of egg donor
  • Collection of eggs
  • Formation of embryos

Sperm donation – share happiness.

In this process, a man donates his semen to any couple or an individual to help them conceive. The donor sperm can be either directly injected into a woman’s body in her reproductive parts or can be used in the laboratory to fertilize the egg. It is a very safe procedure. The information of both the parties is kept confidential. With proper Consent and Counselling, the donor sperm is inserted into the uterus.

Who needs a sperm donor?

It can be beneficial to

  • Men who have Azoospermia with testicular failure
  • Men with severe sperm abnormality
  • When poor sperm morphology is causing repeated IVF failures
  • Genetic disorders in men
  • Ejaculatory dysfunction
  • STDs in men that can’t be eradicated
  • Severe isoimmunization of partner
  • Single women who want to become a mother

Embryo donation – share embryo, share parenthood.

An anonymous embryo can also be created using donor sperm and donor eggs at fertility centers. Either created or donated by some other couple, the anonymous embryo is implanted in the recipient female’s uterus. This way, the child who gets birth is called the child of the lady who gave her birth and not the donors.

When do you need an embryo donor?

  • When both the partners have infertility problems that could not be treated, this method is the best for them.
  • Or if both the partners are facing genetic disorder, then also this is the best way to conceive a child.
  • Embryo donation is required when couples are losing pregnancy because of the embryonic problem.

Surrogacy – help someone be a mom.

A female becomes a surrogate mother for a couple where the female partner can’t carry the baby in her womb. None of the baby’s gametes belongs to the surrogate or her husband. The surrogate’s only job is to carry the baby until delivery and hand over the child to her parents. The procedure is done under the complete guidance of the doctor.

Altruistic: the intended parents of the baby pay all the expenses related to pregnancy, such as maternity clothing, medical expenses, feedings, and anything else, and the surrogate does not receive any financial reward in return. It is like helping any couple to have a baby voluntarily.

When is the need for surrogacy?

Surrogacy treatment in India is done when there is some problem with the uterus of the female.

  • When the uterus is absent.
  • Even if it is present, it’s a T shaped or hypoplastic uterus.
  • Post-hysterectomy conditions.
  • Repeated implantation failures.
  • Diseases like diabetes and others.
  • Intrauterine scars.
  • Different pregnancy and placental complications wherein the intrauterine pregnancy is harmful to the woman.

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