Donor Sperm

Sperm may be donated through a sperm bank. Sperm donation is a form of third party reproduction. Pregnancies are usually achieved by using donor sperm in assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques which include artificial insemination (either by intracervical insemination (ICI) or intrauterine insemination (IUI) in a clinic.

The method used can have consequences in relation to the legal recognition of the male parent (partner of the mother) in some countries, but the biological nature of the conception and the course of the pregnancy will be the same, however it is achieved, and the sperm donor will be the biological father of every child produced from his donations.

sperm donation

Donor sperm and 'fertility treatments' using donor sperm may be obtained at a sperm bank or fertility clinic. Here, the recipient may select donor sperm on the basis of the donor's characteristics, such as looks, personality, academic ability, race, and many other factors.

Sperm banks or clinics may be subject to state or professional regulations, including restrictions on donor anonymity and the number of offspring that may be produced, and there may be other legal protections of the rights and responsibilities of both recipient and donor.